1800’s

1821

Florida becomes territory of the United States.

1845

Florida becomes a state.

1857

Florida made a vicariate apostolic under the leadership of Bishop Agustin Verot, bishop of Savannah.

1859

Sisters of Mercy arrive from Rhode Island and open the state’s first Catholic convent school for white girls. The sisters also are allowed to give religious instruction to slaves.

1861

The Civil War begins.

1864

Immaculate Conception Parish in Jacksonville and St. Michael Parish in Fernandina Beach are burned by Union troops.

1865

The Civil War ends.

1866

Sisters of St. Joseph arrive from France to educate newly freed black slaves.

1870

Diocese of St. Augustine established; Agustín Verot named bishop; St. Augustine Parish elevated to Cathedral. The diocese has three priests, three parishes, seven missions and 1,328 Catholics.

1874

St. Joseph Academy in St. Augustine founded by the Sisters of St. Joseph.

1877

John Moore named bishop to oversee about 10,000 Catholics, 20 parishes and 12 priests.

1886

St. Mary’s Home for Children is established in Jacksonville through the efforts of Sister Mary Ann Hoare.

1887

The Cathedral of St. Augustine is destroyed by fire. It reopens one year later with a new bell tower funded by railroad and hotel magnate Henry Morrison Flagler.

Print